CDC Workplace Infection Safety and Prevention 135
CDC Workplace Infection Safety and Prevention 135 provides a comprehensive overview of the COVID-19 pandemic, including virus symptoms, transmission, prevention, and vaccination. This class includes prevention guidelines, vaccine information, and isolation requirements from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). For workplaces, reducing the spread of viruses that are transmitted by person-to-person contact is imperative to ensure continued business operation without endangering employee health and safety. In addition, employers are responsible for meeting local, state, and federal virus requirements.
By taking this class, users will learn ways to create a healthy and safe work environment that incorporates common methods of preventing the spread of COVID-19 recommended by the CDC. Users will also gain knowledge that can help them protect their own health by recognizing symptoms of COVID-19, being familiar with vaccines, and understanding quarantines.
Number of Lessons 13
- Disease Transmission
- COVID-19 Vaccines and Boosters
- Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine
- Viral and Antibody Testing
- Review: Preventing the Spread
- Standards and Requirements
- Transmission Prevention
- Review: Healthy Practices
- Creating a Healthy Work Environment
- Healthy Business Practices
- When Sickness Develops
- Final Review
- Describe Coronavirus Disease 2019.
- Explain how COVID-19 spreads.
- Describe COVID-19 vaccines and boosters.
- Describe the possible outcomes of getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
- Describe COVID-19 testing methods.
- Describe COVID-19 standards and requirements.
- Describe ways to protect against infectious diseases like COVID-19.
- Describe how to maintain a healthy work environment.
- Describe how to maintain healthy business practices during an infectious disease outbreak.
- Explain steps to take when sick with COVID-19.
The absence of an employee or employees. Absenteeism caused by illness during a pandemic should be planned for by employers to ensure continued operation.
An over-the-counter drug used to relieve pain and fever. Acetaminophen can help manage symptoms of COVID-19 when the instructions on the label are followed.
acute respiratory distress
A syndrome that develops when the air sacs in the lungs fill up with fluid and restrict the ability of the lungs to take in air. Acute respiratory distress stops the lungs from delivering the oxygen organs in the human body require to function.
A hypersensitive immune response to a substance. Allergic reactions include rashes, swelling, and anaphylaxis and range from mild to severe.
A test that checks the blood for the presence of proteins that help fight off a viral infection. Antibody tests, or serology tests, are used to confirm that someone previously had Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their immune system successfully suppressed the virus.
Showing no symptoms of disease. Asymptomatic people often do not know they have an illness, since they have no indication that they are ill.
at-home test kit
A viral test for COVID-19 that can be purchased without a prescription and is administered at home. An at-home test kit returns results in less than half an hour but may be slightly less accurate than a viral test administered by a medical professional.
A clump of blood cells that have congealed from a liquid to a gel or semi-solid. Blood clots that form in veins or arteries can be life-threatening and require medical treatment.
An additional dose of a vaccine that creates an improved immune response. A booster shot is recommended two months after the Johnson & Johnson/Janssen vaccine or five months after any other vaccine for all adults.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. An agency that develops and applies disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education policies. The CDC is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CDC. An agency that develops and applies disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education policies. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is part of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CMS. A government agency under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services that provides health coverage to more than 100 million people using Medicaid, Medicare, the Health Insurance Marketplace, and the Children's Health Insurance Program. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has established a vaccination requirement that aligns with the federal mandate and applies to all healthcare employees who work in facilities that accept its health insurance policies.
The removal of dirt and impurities, such as germs, from surfaces. Cleaning does not kill germs but does decrease the number of germs on a surface.
Being less than six feet away from an infected person for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period. Close contact is the main way that the COVID-19 virus is transmitted.
The amount of a substance contained within a given amount of space. High concentrations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can build up in an infected person's upper respiratory tract very quickly.
Polluted with a noxious substance. Surfaces contaminated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can spread the virus to a person who touches them.
Coronavirus Disease 2019
COVID-19. A respiratory illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Coronavirus Disease 2019 was discovered in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and caused the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a global pandemic in March 2020.
A virus that causes respiratory illness in humans. While mild cases of coronavirus can cause the common cold, more lethal forms of the virus can cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), and Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Coronavirus Disease 2019. A respiratory illness caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 was discovered in Wuhan, China in late 2019 and caused the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare a pandemic in March 2020.
The practice of training employees on more than one job role or skill. Cross-training allows employees to fill in for absent coworkers, so the work still gets done.
A specific mutation of the COVID-19 virus that was discovered in late 2020. The Delta variant is more contagious and may cause more severe illness than the original virus.
The use of chemicals to kill germs on surfaces. Disinfecting does not clean a surface and should be used after cleaning to eliminate remaining germs.
An urgent authorization that the FDA grants to a vaccine during a public health crisis like the COVID-19 pandemic. Emergency use authorization indicates that the FDA is still reviewing evidence for a vaccine but is confident that existing evidence shows the vaccine is very safe and effective.
Environmental Protection Agency
EPA. The U.S. federal government agency that carries out federal research, monitoring, standard-setting, and enforcement activities to ensure a clean, healthy environment. The Environmental Protection Agency maintains standards for any fluids that contain potentially harmful ingredients.
An item of protective clothing that is made from multiple layers of cotton or other tightly woven material and fits snugly over the nose and mouth. Face masks protect others from diseases the wearer may have and offer different levels of protection based on their material.
Food and Drug Administration. A U.S. federal agency that protects public health by ensuring drugs and medical treatments are safe, effective, and truthfully labeled. The FDA has approved four vaccines to protect against COVID-19.
Food and Drug Administration
FDA. A U.S. federal agency that protects public health by ensuring drugs and medical treatments are safe, effective, and truthfully labeled. The Food and Drug Administration has approved four vaccines to protect against COVID-19.
full FDA approval
An authorization that the FDA grants to a vaccine after a long period of use or review. Full FDA approval indicates that the FDA has enough evidence that supports the benefits, safety, and effectiveness of a vaccine and proves that it can be manufactured consistently and quickly.
Having received all necessary doses of a COVID-19 vaccine. Fully vaccinated individuals have immunity two weeks after the last dose of their vaccine.
A type of personal protective equipment worn on the hands and/or arms to reduce the risk of injury. Gloves should always be worn when handling chemicals or sharp objects.
A written, formal appraisal of the safety risks that exist within a workplace. A hazard assessment is often performed by the safety team during a walk-through and is often used to determine appropriate types of personal protective equipment.
A source of danger or possible injury. Hazards can be physical hazards, such as falling objects, or health hazards, such as biological or chemical exposure.
HR. The department in a company that is responsible for recruiting talent, establishing workplace policies, tracking employee performance, managing employee compensation and benefits, and taking corrective action on performance issues. Human resources policies should be consistent with public health guidelines.
An infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Influenza is a respiratory illness.
The act of separating a person who has a contagious disease from those who are not ill. Isolation reduces the spread of illness by preventing the exposure of healthy people to those who have the disease.
Never before seen. When something is novel, it is new and unique.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OSHA. A government agency under the U.S. Department of Labor that sets the standards for safe working conditions in the United States. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration ensures that employees work in safe and healthy environments.
A group of specific mutation of the COVID-19 virus that was discovered in November 2021 and has mutations of the spike protein. The Omicron variants appear to be more contagious than the Delta variant, but research on their severity, transmission, and vaccine resistance is ongoing.
OTC. Medications that can be purchased from a store or pharmacy without a prescription. Over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen can help manage mild COVID-19 symptoms.
An infectious disease outbreak that occurs worldwide or across multiple countries or continents. Pandemics are declared by the World Health Organization (WHO).
personal protective equipment
PPE. Any example of various safety equipment that employees wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Personal protective equipment includes face masks.
Personal protective equipment. Any example of various safety equipment that employees wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. PPE includes face masks.
prescription antiviral pills
A medication for COVID-19 that is given as a tablet or capsule and can be taken without a hospital admission but requires approval from a physician. Prescription antiviral pills are being developed to reduce the severity or length of a COVID-19 infection, and Pfizer's has been authorized for emergency use.
Any employer that is not part of a governmental body. Most companies are private-sector businesses.
Large molecules that are required for the structure, function, and regulation of the tissues and organs within the human body. A type of protein called an antibody is used by the human body's immune system to fight off infection.
Any employer that is a department or agency of a governmental body. Public-sector businesses include all organizations that pay employee wages with taxes.
Separating a person who was exposed to a contagious disease from the general public. Quarantining someone who may have a contagious disease prevents them from spreading it to others.
A particle of water and other matter that is produced by the human body when a person breathes, talks, sneezes, coughs, or vomits. Respiratory droplets contain and spread COVID-19.
A virus that most often causes the common cold. Rhinovirus is a respiratory illness.
A test that checks the blood for the presence of proteins that help fight off a viral infection. Serology tests, or antibody tests, are used to confirm that someone previously had Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and their immune system successfully suppressed the virus.
severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2
SARS-CoV-2. A coronavirus that causes the respiratory illness known as Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 caused a global pandemic that was declared in March 2020.
Releases new virus particles out into the surrounding environment. To shed a virus means that the virus can then be spread to surrounding people and objects.
The act of remaining six feet apart from anyone who may be sick, including anyone not in a personal household. Social distancing prevents the spread of diseases transmitted through person-to-person contact.
A plastic shield that blocks respiratory droplets. Splash guards help to prevent employees from spreading or making contact with respiratory droplets that contain COVID-19.
An established policy regarding a particular practice or method. Standards can be created by organizations like OSHA and CMS.
Organizations that provide a product to another organization. Products are often passed in a chain, from the supplier to the organization to the customer.
Meeting electronically, usually via telephone or network connection. Teleconferencing offers potential cost savings in travel and executive time.
Not made hygienic by cleaning or disinfecting. Unsanitized items should be cleaned and disinfected at least daily.
up to date
Having received all necessary doses of a COVID-19 vaccine plus one booster shot. Requirements for being up to date depend on the availability of boosters or vaccines for specific COVID-19 variants.
upper respiratory tract
The part of the respiratory tract that includes the mouth, nose, nasal passages, throat, and larynx. The upper respiratory tract provides a passage for air to be breathed in and out of the lungs.
Treated with a vaccine to produce an immune response. Being vaccinated with an approved vaccine is the best way to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
Vaccination and Testing ETS
A temporary, emergency standard instituted by OSHA that would have required all regular employees to be vaccinated or to wear face masks and submit to regular testing for COVID-19. OSHA recommends employers follow the guidelines in the Vaccination and Testing ETS, even though the Supreme Court ruled that OSHA cannot enforce it or issue citations related to it.
A substance that is usually given by injection to stimulate an immune response to protect against a disease. Four vaccines have been approved to protect against COVID-19 in adults, and two vaccines are currently authorized for use in children as young as six months.
A mutation of the virus that causes COVID-19 that significantly changes how the virus behaves. Variants of the COVID-19 virus, such as the Delta and Omicron variants, may spread more quickly or cause more severe illness.
An evaluation that checks samples, such as a swab from inside of the nose, to confirm the presence of a virus. Viral tests are used to confirm that someone is currently sick with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19).
The person made responsible for handling issues related to a designated emergency situation. The workplace coordinator should ensure that proper protocols are implemented and followed until the emergency situation is over.
World Health Organization
WHO. A global group that promotes worldwide health and safety. The World Health Organization focuses on ensuring universal health and wellness, eradicating communicable disease, and responding to health emergencies.