Robot Installations 230

This class covers the basic steps for installing and maintaining an industrial robot.

  • Difficulty Intermediate

  • Format Online

  • Number of Lessons 12

  • Language English


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Course Outline
  • Objectives
  • What Is Robot Installation?
  • Before Installing the Robot
  • General Safety Precautions
  • Unpacking and Transporting the Robot
  • Installing the Robot and the Controller
  • Connectors and Cables
  • Power and Grounding
  • Starting Up the Robot
  • Troubleshooting
  • Maintenance
  • Summary
  • Describe robot installation.
  • Describe general considerations for robot installation.
  • Describe safety considerations regarding robot installation.
  • Describe how to unpack and transport a robot.
  • Describe how to install the robot and the controller.
  • Describe how to install robot connectors and cables.
  • Describe how to configure robot power and grounding.
  • Describe how to start up the robot.
  • Describe basic steps for troubleshooting a robot.
  • Describe basic robot maintenance.
vocabulary term

American National Standards Institute

ANSI. A private organization that sets voluntary standards for commercial products and services.


American Wire Gauge. A series of ratings for wire sizes and ampacities.


To start a robot by turning on the controller.


A plug or receptacle on the robot's interface panel that can be joined to a corresponding plug or cable.


The main device that processes information and carries out instructions in a robot. Also known as the CPU, or processor.

data communications cable

A cord that acts as the conduit for the transmission of digital messages from one device to another.

diagnostic program

A function run on a teach pendant through which an operator can determine the cause of a robot's malfunction.


A wheeled platform used to move equipment. A dolly can be used to move a controller.

end-of-arm tool

The component of a robotic arm that is shaped like a hand or like a specialized tool. Also known as an end-effector.


An industiral vehicle with a forked platform used for lifting and moving heavy items. Robots can be moved with a forklift.


The process of removing the excess charge on an object by means of the transfer of electrons between it and another object of substantial size.

grounding cable

A bundle of electrical wires dedicated to removing the excess charge on an object by means of the transfer of electrons between it and another object of substantial size.

grounding wire

An electrical wire dedicated to removing the excess charge on an object by means of the transfer of electrons between it and another object of substantial size.


A device for lifting and lowering loads by means of a drum or lift-wheel around which rope or chain wraps. A hoist can be used to move a robot.


International Electrotechnical Commission. An international standards organization dealing with electrical, electronic and related technologies.

industrial robot

A programmable mechanical device that is used in place of a person to perform dangerous or repetitive tasks with a high degree of accuracy.

input/output cable

A cord that connects inputs and outputs to the controller.

installation manual

A book of guidelines for installing and maintaining a piece of equipment.

interface panel

The area on a robot used to join it with other pieces of equipment.


To bring parts into alignment by moving them.

lubricating grease

A type of lubricant used on different parts of a robot. Lubricating grease should be changed at regular intervals.


A robotic arm. A manipulator is generally mounted on a platform or suspended from a track and is capable of reaching to various distances and locations.

movement zone

The defined area of space through which a robot can move. Also known as the work envelope or work cell.

National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The U.S. agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. NIOSH is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

noise interference

An AC power line disturbance caused by sudden changes in the load.

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OSHA. An agency of the U.S. Department of Labor that sets standards for worker health and safety.

personal protective equipment

Any of various safety equipment that workers wear or use to prevent injury in the workplace. Safety glasses are common personal protective equipment (PPE).

pneumatic device

A device powered by compressed air. The end-effectors for most robots have pneumatic drives.


In electricity, having two oppositely charged poles, one positive and one negative. Always install robot cables with the correct polarity or the robot may be damaged.


An input plug on a robot into which you can connect other devices.

power cable

A cord that acts as the conduit for electrical power from the power source to the robot.


The process of entering information such as velocity and travel time into the robot's processor.


A character or command that appears on a display screen to indicate that the robot is ready for input.

robot installation

The process of assembling, testing, troubleshooting, and maintaining an industrial robot. Installation may also include implementing safeguards and disassembling the robot for service and repair.

robot technician

A person who installs, services, troubleshoots, maintains, and repairs robots and automated production systems.

Robotics Industry Association

A trade group organized specifically to serve the robotics industry. Member companies include leading robot manufacturers, users, system integrators, component suppliers, research groups, and consulting firms.

teach pendant

A hand-held device that can be used to program a robot and control its movements.


A fluid's resistance to flow. Consult the robot's installation manual for manufacturer recommendations on lubricating oil viscosity.

voltage drop

The amount of energy used by a device with resistance in the circuit. In a series circuit, voltage drop increases as resistance increases, and decreases as resistance decreases.

voltage spike

A sudden, short surge in voltage. Voltage spikes can be caused by lightning, power outages, short circuits, or power transitions in large equipment on the same power line.

work cell

The defined area of space through which a robot can move. Also known as the work envelope.

world mode

Set to operate according to world coordinates.